Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, and that term is sometimes used to refer to the current state. It is sandwiched between Russia to the north and China to the south, where it neighbours the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. At 1,564,116 square kilometres (603,909 sq mi), Mongolia is the 18th-largest and the most sparsely populated sovereign state in the world, with a population of over 3.3 million people.[6] It is also the world's second-largest landlocked country behind Kazakhstan and the largest landlocked country that does not border a closed sea.

HIV in Mongolia

Mongolia is classified as a low prevalence HIV country, with an estimated 650 people living with HIV (PLHIV). Of these, 32% (208) are aware of their status, and  28% (187) are on life-long antiretroviral therapy. Men who have sex with men make up 50% of PLHIV, while there are no reported diagnoses among people who inject drugs and female sex workers. However, it is worth noting that the most recent data collection efforts specifically targeting key populations occurred in 2014. This highlights a need for the collection of more up to date strategic information to shape targeted HIV prevention programs.


Furthermore, sex work and HIV transmission or exposure are criminalised in Mongolia, and key populations suffer high levels of social stigma and discrimination. These barriers will need to be addressed to ensure effective engagement of key populations in HIV treatment and prevention.


Youth for Health

Youth for Health advocates for the human rights of sexual minority groups in Mongolia. They have been involved in a range of projects working towards creating enabling environments for HIV and STI prevention, and collect and distribute strategic information pertaining to the behaviours and needs of marginalised key populations. They have particularly strong links with MSM and transgender communities, and stand as firm advocates for creating access to PrEP as a core tool in Mongolia’s HIV prevention strategy.

Key activities under SKPA in Mongolia

  1. Phased implementation of PrEP services

  2. Phased implementation of HIV self-testing and community based testing

  3. Strengthen CSO organisational development & capacity for implementing community driven services

  4. Develop action plan to increase domestic financing to support transition and sustainability

  5. Implement Community Based monitoring

  6.  Implement the recommendations from the review of KP service package

  7. Advocacy on Harm Reduction

  8. Generate Strategic information for PWID to inform planning

  9. Gender review; development of action plan and implementation of recommendations