Country Context: HIV in Malaysia
There are an estimated 87 000 people living with HIV in Malaysia. Of these people, 90.1% (79 170) know their status, with 44.8% (38 976) receiving receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). 36 540 (42%) of PLHIV having a suppressed viral load.
Size estimations for key populations are as follows:
Men who have sex with men: 140 000
People who inject drugs: 120 000
Transgender people: 24 000
Sex workers: 21 000
Same-sex sexual activity, sex work and drug use are all criminalised and as such pose barriers for most at-risk populations to seek healthcare services.
Malaysian AIDS Council
The Malaysian AIDS Council (MAC) was established in 1992 as an initiative of the Ministry of Health to be an umbrella organisation of NGOs working on HIV/AIDS issues. The aim of setting up the Council was to maximise the community response to HIV/AIDS and to ensure efficient use of limited resources.
MAC works with its partner organisations in a diverse range of activities from advocating and policy reforms; developing awareness and communication materials; creating public awareness campaigns; conducting and organising workshops and seminars; rolling out prevention and education programmes; providing care and support services and psychological counselling.
MAC’s core objectives are to:
Increase awareness of HIV/AIDS
Prevent the spread of HIV
Eliminate discrimination, stigma and prejudice associated with HIV/AIDS
Promote and protect the rights of those made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS
Ensure the highest possible quality of life for those with HIV/AIDS
Provide care and support to individuals with HIV/AIDS
MAC was previously country sub recipient of the AFAO led SHIFT (Sustainable HIV Financing in Transition) program 2017 – 2018.